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Artificial intelligence can lead to wrongful convictions

On Behalf of | May 17, 2022 | Criminal Justice System

Artificial intelligence is quickly becoming a driving force in our daily lives. Whether it allows a favorite streaming service to recommend movies or helps drivers navigate their next road trip, most people rely upon some form of artificial intelligence throughout the day.

Despite the many ways artificial intelligence can replace or outperform humans, it is not error-free and can lead to devastating consequences if you face a criminal conviction.

How do law enforcement agencies use artificial intelligence?

Police forces throughout Tennessee, Georgia and other states rapidly embrace innovative technology to solve crimes. For example, the placement of smart devices throughout neighborhoods can instantly capture details about criminal activity through facial recognition or gunshot detection software or pinpoint minute details undetectable by the human eye, leading to arrests.

The use of artificial intelligence also extends to the stages of criminal justice following conviction to determine:

  • Bail
  • Incarceration
  • Parole
  • Sentencing

Is artificial intelligence infallible?

Unfortunately, artificial intelligence can lead to false convictions in the pursuit of criminal justice. For example, facial recognition software can capture unclear details about the face of someone in the vicinity of a crime and send them to a database that relies upon an algorithm to match it to a mugshot or driver’s license. However, poor-quality images can lead to the wrong match and, therefore, innocent people’s convictions. In addition, holding innocent people responsible for crimes means guilty criminals can resume illegal activities with impunity.

Artificial intelligence can reduce the crime rate in the public and private sectors. However, it can also increase the number of trials focusing on reversing wrongful convictions that can strain the court system.

State Bar of Georgia
TBA | Tennessee Bar Association
CBA | Chattanooga Bar Association

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